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Slavery By Another Name
by SOPHIE HARRINGTON - Tuesday, December 8, 2015, 09:08 PM

After watching, “Slavery by Another Name,” there were several key points made in regards to the institution of slavery following the Civil War. The most important takeaway from the documentary was that white people were successful in institutionalizing African-American people even after slavery was abolished. The Southern Economy was destroyed after the war because of their dependence on black people, free labor, who made up half of the capital of the cotton economy. At the end of the Civil War the Thirteenth Amendment was passed, giving “freedom” to 4 million black people in the South. However, the idea of freedom was distorted in many ways; the envisionment that black people would suddenly have all their liberties restored was merely an illusion. In written word black people were given all the same rights as white people, like: the ability to get married, sue and be sued, and reconstruct families. Yet as Radical Reconstruction began to die down, Crime Laws intensified the black community, preventing them from achieving a state of complete freedom. The Pig Laws, laws passed to penalize black people from stealing pigs, were the first in a long list of illegitimate acts passed to increase penalties for black people. Succeeding the Pig Laws were the Vagrant Laws, laws in which black people had to prove at any given point they were employed, resulting in the creation of the Convict Leasing-System. This system allowed prisons to lease black inmates to companies or private land-owners. Even though slavery was abolished, governments still allowed for black people to be sued as free-labor - not only were the conditions unbearable but they worked from sunrise to sunset. Convicts were put back into the state of being enslaved, even if it wasn’t called slavery. White people treated black people no differently, some might even say worse, after slavery was abolished because of their skewed desire to have power over them, as well as their desperation for labor forces. Once the Civil War ended and the thirteenth Amendment ratified white people realized that they would not be controlling black people anymore. Though the Convict system authorized companies and private-owners to work the black people as hard as they wanted, proving that freedom was not a virtue which truly existed for most black people. If black people were to have had freedom they would not have been sentenced to work in private institutions when being imprisoned, nor would there have been laws imprisoning black people so they could work as free labor.

Re: Slavery By Another Name
by PALEY FENNER - Tuesday, December 8, 2015, 09:41 PM

I agree. The laws that were made we're very extreme and definitely impacted the former slaves and some Republicans. It's really sad that having been freed from slavery, they faced almost the exact same issue under WORSE conditions. It is basically like giving someone thirsty for water where water is not available a drink and then taking the entire drink and pouring it on the ground before they can get a sip.

Only thing I question is the use of "white people". Yes some white peoplestuffs hat you listed but I wouldn't say "white people". Saying "white people" involves the whites living in the North and it conveys a "single story" in a way. It was mostly the whites that were raised and born in the South when slavery was common in the United States.

Re: Slavery By Another Name
by BEFTU SULTAN - Tuesday, December 8, 2015, 10:03 PM

Do you think that who made the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendment predicted peonage? To me it seems like these amendment were rushed, and that there wasn't much time spent on stretching the mind to consider loopholes such as peonage.