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Unit 14 notes
by Danielle Reeves - Saturday, February 27, 2016, 11:33 PM
 

Unit 13 notes 

 

 

Myth of Isolation 

Pg. (720)

 

  • America was seen as rejection other nations 

 

Replacing the League 

 

  • U.S could not enter the UN
  1. Looked for other peace making systems 

 

Washington Conference of 1921

Pg. (720)

 

  • Set to prevent naval battle
  1. U.S Vs Japan, and Britain 
  2. reduced the number of fleets in each naval 
  3. ten years for repairing warships 
  4. Got rid of 2 million tons of shipped good 
  5. conference agreed to almost all terms 
  • Became known as the-five-power-pact
  • reduced naval power 
  • set up certain good ratios 

 

F.    The-nine-power-pact 

  • continued open door policy 

 

G.    The-four-power-pact 

  • U.S, Japan and Britain recognized each others water territories 

 

Kellog-Briand Pact 

Pg. (720)

 

  • Washington conference prevented foreign problems and protected international markets
  • The pact was the end of the conference 
  1. French minister wanted U.S to join them against Germany 
  2. Secretary of state Kellogg presented the idea of using war as a national instrument illegal 
  • 14 nations agreed and signed 
  • Soon other nations signed too 

 

 

Debts and Diplomacy 

 

  • 1st job was to protect oversea trade and help it expand 

A. Reducing possibility of war 

  • Set up money plans to support ideas 
  • U.S depend on Europe’s economy 

          A. Worried about them 

          B. Damaged by WWI

          C. In massive debt

  • U.S came up with a plan to fix the European economy 

          A. U.S would give Europe loans to pay them back 

          B.  France and Britain would lessen the amount of payments 

 

Circular Loans

Pg. (721)

 

  • U.S bank now in Germany 
  1. Started to loan money to Germany 
  • Reparations for France and England 
  • France and England use it to pay back loans 
  1. U.S economy now connected with Europe 
  • Opened factories 
  • Got money from oversea trade 
  • People worried U.S was to dependent on Europe       

      C. Europe could not send good overseas due to high tariffs 

  • Wasn't earning money to pay U.S back 

      D. U.S continued to expand into Europe until it failed 

 

Expansion in Latin America 

Pg. (721) 

 

  • U.S felt more comfortable helping Latin America 
  1. Doubled their investments 
  2. Started building things 
  • Roads 
  • buildings
  • Trying to stop a revolt 
  • Profited from these things 
  1. Gave loans to Latin banks 
  • Couldn't get enough money to pay them back

      D. U.S started to resent their imperialism 

 

 

Hoover and the World Crisis 

 

  • Nationalism heightened due to oversea economic problems 
  • International plans now in jeopardy 
  • People still believed expanding would fix the depression 
  • Another war on the rise 
  1. Hoover could not fix it 
  2. Tried to aid Latin America 
  • Tried to stop intervening at 
  • Removed troops from Haiti
  1. U.S would acknowledged any type of government 
  2. Didn't not recognize the monroe doctrine 
  3. Europe tried to canceled the payment of their debts to the U.S
  • Hoover did not agree with this 
  • Europe went into economic distress again 
  1. Fascist began expanding their power in Europe 
  • Nazi regime the biggest one (Germany)
            1. Hitler was gaining popularity 

 

Manchuria 

Pg. (722)

 

  • Big problem in Asia 
  • Japan in a depression 
  • Soviet union gaining power 
  1. Also Chinese nationalist 
  2. Expanded their power into Manchuria Japan
  3. Japan still had economic control 
  4. Military leaders took control foreign China 
  • U.S hoped Japan would get control of Tokyo back 
  1. This did not happen 
  2. Chinese successful in getting full control of Manchuria 
  • U.S refused to help 
  • Japan started to attack China 

 

Failure of America’s Interwar Diplomacy 

Pg. (723)

 

  • America could not stay out of foreign affairs 
  1. Had to decide if they wanted to help other nations 
  2. Or turn to nationalism 

 

Depression Diplomacy 

 

  • Roosevelt did not agree with Hoover on foreign affairs 
  • Hoover believed in keeping gold backed money 
  • Roosevelt dropped the gold in order to trade with other nations 
  • Also stopped looking for war reparations 
  • Made a bill that said U.S could not pay loans to other nations
  • Ended the circular system 

 

FDR’s “Bombshell”

Pg. (724)

 

  • Rejected gold and silver as a way to stabilize economy 
  • Took long to pass
  • Finally worked 

 

 

 

Reciprocal Trade Agreement Act 

Pg. (724)

 

  • FDR believed in good world trade 
  • The act created treaties to lower tariffs 
  1. Increased American exports 
  • Imports to U.S still low 
  1. other nations did not get American currency 
  2. Couldn't pay debt back 

 

America and the Soviet Union 

 

  • U.S tried to have a good relationship with Soviet Union
  1. Both nations did not trust each other 
  2. U.S did not see the soviets as a real gov.
  3. Decided to ally w/ them for trade 
  4. Russia wanted to gain power of Japan through the U.S
  5. Russia would protect U.S citizens in their country and the U.S would recognize them 
  • U.S trade didn't stick in Russia 
  • Soviet Union didn't think U.S was helping them with Japan 
  • Wet back to not trusting each other 

 

The Good Neighbor Policy 

 

  • U.S relationship w/ Latin America was better
  • “Good Neighbor Policy”
  1. Exports and Imports in Latin American increased 

 

Inter-American Conference 

Pg. (724)

 

  • Signed a document saying no state has the right to interfere with the others GOV.
  • America still helped Latin America 
  1. Used economic influence instead of military 

 

The Rise of Isolationist 

 

  • FDR gave up on trying to be nice to other countries 
  • Tried to make many compromises that didn't work 

 

Sources of Isolation 

Pg. (725)

 

  • Many American supported isolation because negotiation failed 
  1. Couldn’t stop Japans control of Asia 
  • Believed banks forced them into WWI to protect oversea loans 
  • FDR still wanted world peace 
  1. Asked to be a part of the world court 
  2. Would help their relationships but did not mean they had to intervene 

 

Neutrality Acts

Pg. (725)

 

  • Made to prevent joining war 
  • 1935 
  1. Arms embargo 
  2. in an military problem 
  3. Warned citizens it might be dangerous to travel by ship to other countries 
  • 1936
  1. Renewed the first one 
  • 1937
  1. “Cash and Carry Policy”
  • People could by any good that were not for militaries 
  • had to pay cash 
  • bring it back home themselves 

 

Ethiopia 

Pg. (725)

 

  • When the U.S saw how unstable Europe was, isolation was heightened 
  • Many people did not U.S to Ethiopia
  • Also did not want to interfere in Spanish civil war

 

“Quarantine Speech”

Pg. (727)

 

  • FDR did not believe Japan couldn't be punished for their aggression towards China
  • The speech spoke about how Japan was bad for world peace 
  1. Wanted to “quarantine” himself from Japan 
  2. Many did not know what this meant 
  3. Maybe just cut of relationship w/ their GOV.

 

The Failure of Munich 

 

  • Hitler successfully violated the WWI treaty
  1. moved his army into Rhineland 
  2. Took away French control 
  • Also invaded Austria 
  1. Wanted the countries surrounding it too 
  2. Western nations wanted to keep Hitler happy to prevent war 

 

Munich Conference 

Pg. (727)

 

  • Hitler, France and GB tired to work differences out 
  • GB and France agreed to give him part of the Czechoslovakia 
  • Hitler  would agree not to expand more 

Failure of “Appeasement” 

Pg. (727)

 

  • Compromises made at the Munich conference were know as appeasement 
  • Hitler continued to expand into  Czechoslovakia 
  1. Planned to invade Poland 
  2. GB and France told Poland they would help them if he did 
  3. Soviet signed a nonaggression agreement w/ Hitler 

 

Neutrality Tested 

 

  • U.S was clearly against Hitler but did not want to help fight him 
  • Agreed to help arm GB and France
  1. Arms embargo would be lifted

 

Cash-and-Carry 

Pg. (730)

 

  • People could now buy arms on the cash and carry system
  • Russia expanded their powers
  1. U.S citizens mad 
  2. GOV. still did not want to help 
  3. Agreed to stop giving Russia arms 

 

Fall of France 

Pg. (730)

 

  • Hitler gained control of France too 
  • His troops walked into Paris 
  • Roosevelt  begun to aid the allies more 
  1. Sent lists of what they needed 

 

Shifting Public Opinion 

Pg. (730)

 

  • U.S citizens started to believe Hitler would be a threat to them 
  • FDR heard their complaints 
  1. increased aid again 
  2. looked to prepare their own army 

 

America First Committee 

Pg. (731)

 

  • Debate between interventionist and isolationist 

 

The Third-Term Campaign

 

  • People didn't know if FDR would run for a 3rd time 
  • Everyone liked FDR so they could not find a new democrat candidate 

Wendell Wilke 

Pg. (732)

 

  • Looked for someone who would appeal to the public 
  1. did not have a political background
  • Republicans believed in staying out of war 
  • In the end FDR won again 

 

Neutrality Abandoned 

 

  • FDR continued to aid allies 
  • Britain could not pay for the arms 

 

Lend-lease 

Pg. (732)

  • U.S could lend or lease arms to GB 
  1. when war was over they had to give them back or repay them 
  • Had trouble shipping the arms to Britain 

 

Germany Invades USSR

Pg. (732)

 

  • Germany invaded Russia 
  1. Went against non aggression pact
  • Roosevelt agreed to now help Russia in sending them arms 
  • Nazis started to attack the ships carrying the arms 

 

Atlantic Charter 

Pg. (733)

 

  • Tried to build stronger relationships with GB and U.S 
  • Roosevelt still did not want to join the war 
  • “Atlantic Charter”
  1. a document between GB and U.S 
  2. set common war principles 
  3. how to get rid of nazis 

 

The Road to Peal Harbor 

 

Triparte Pact

Pg. (732)

 

  • Japan continued to expand over the Pacific 
  • Allied with Germany and Italy 
  • Put Japan and U.S on opposite sides 
  • Roosevelt halted all of the Japanese citizens bank accounts 
  • placed a trade embargo on everything 
  • Anti-Japanese sentiments rose 

 

Tokyo’s Decision for War

Pg. (733)

 

  • U.S predicted that Japan would soon launch and attack on them 
  • Uncoded some messages after not reaching compromises 

 

Pearl Harbor 

Pg. (733)

 

  • Japan attacked a U.S naval based at pearl Harbor in Hawaii 
  • The base was not prepared for the attack 
  • ships and other resources were destroyed 
  • No longer had defense in the pacific stage 
  • U.S entered the war 

 

 

Crash Course #36

 

WWI

 

  • Continuation of the New deal 
  • Federal Gov. stronger 
  1. New deal on “steroids”
  2. able to control all industries
  • Unemployment dropped 
  • People started to work towards the war 
  • Federal spending at an all time high 
  1. Spending for war 
  2. took taxes off paychecks 
  • Organized unions
  1. new deal successful 
  2. People joined unions
  3. More women in labor because men were at war
  • Four Freedoms 
  1. Speech 
  2. Want 
  3. Feel 
  4. Worship 
  • Expanded government power 
  1. helped everyone 
  2. did not pass 
  • GI bill of rights passed instead 
  1. Prevent veteran unemployment and help w/ education and housing
  • Free enterprise 
  1. Ads turned war into consumption tactic 
  • Bracero program 
  1. Mexicans immigrated to the U.S 
  • Executive order 8802 
  1. Banned discrimination in office place 
  2. Created FEPC
  3. Helped blacks get jobs 
  • UN 
  1. ensure nationwide peace 
  • Post WWII
  1. Opened freedom for everyone 
  2. “American Creed” > freedom and equality for all

 

Crash course #37

 

Cold War

 

  • U.S and USSR never engaged in war 
  1. ideas of war 
  2. new weapons 
  • U.S stronger than Russia 
  1. Russia scared of Germany 
  2. Wanted to protect themselves > U.S did not like them having new weapons
  • Containment 
  1. Did not want communism to spread 
  2. Truman Doctrine 
  • Protect people against communism 
  • Sent money to Greece and Turkey
  • U.S helped japan against communism 
  • Berlin airlift 
  1. U.S sent aid to Berlin
  • Cold War 
  1. Built up military 
  2. Supported by democrats and Republicans 
  • “Red Scare”
  1. Dennis Vs. Supreme Court 
  • Being a communist leader is a crime 
  • Government seen as protection for people 

 

 

Unit 13 notes 

 

 

Myth of Isolation 

Pg. (720)

 

  • America was seen as rejection other nations 

 

Replacing the League 

 

  • U.S could not enter the UN
  1. Looked for other peace making systems 

 

Washington Conference of 1921

Pg. (720)

 

  • Set to prevent naval battle
  1. U.S Vs Japan, and Britain 
  2. reduced the number of fleets in each naval 
  3. ten years for repairing warships 
  4. Got rid of 2 million tons of shipped good 
  5. conference agreed to almost all terms 
  • Became known as the-five-power-pact
  • reduced naval power 
  • set up certain good ratios 

 

F.    The-nine-power-pact 

  • continued open door policy 

 

G.    The-four-power-pact 

  • U.S, Japan and Britain recognized each others water territories 

 

Kellog-Briand Pact 

Pg. (720)

 

  • Washington conference prevented foreign problems and protected international markets
  • The pact was the end of the conference 
  1. French minister wanted U.S to join them against Germany 
  2. Secretary of state Kellogg presented the idea of using war as a national instrument illegal 
  • 14 nations agreed and signed 
  • Soon other nations signed too 

 

 

Debts and Diplomacy 

 

  • 1st job was to protect oversea trade and help it expand 

A. Reducing possibility of war 

  • Set up money plans to support ideas 
  • U.S depend on Europe’s economy 

          A. Worried about them 

          B. Damaged by WWI

          C. In massive debt

  • U.S came up with a plan to fix the European economy 

          A. U.S would give Europe loans to pay them back 

          B.  France and Britain would lessen the amount of payments 

 

Circular Loans

Pg. (721)

 

  • U.S bank now in Germany 
  1. Started to loan money to Germany 
  • Reparations for France and England 
  • France and England use it to pay back loans 
  1. U.S economy now connected with Europe 
  • Opened factories 
  • Got money from oversea trade 
  • People worried U.S was to dependent on Europe       

      C. Europe could not send good overseas due to high tariffs 

  • Wasn't earning money to pay U.S back 

      D. U.S continued to expand into Europe until it failed 

 

Expansion in Latin America 

Pg. (721) 

 

  • U.S felt more comfortable helping Latin America 
  1. Doubled their investments 
  2. Started building things 
  • Roads 
  • buildings
  • Trying to stop a revolt 
  • Profited from these things 
  1. Gave loans to Latin banks 
  • Couldn't get enough money to pay them back

      D. U.S started to resent their imperialism 

 

 

Hoover and the World Crisis 

 

  • Nationalism heightened due to oversea economic problems 
  • International plans now in jeopardy 
  • People still believed expanding would fix the depression 
  • Another war on the rise 
  1. Hoover could not fix it 
  2. Tried to aid Latin America 
  • Tried to stop intervening at 
  • Removed troops from Haiti
  1. U.S would acknowledged any type of government 
  2. Didn't not recognize the monroe doctrine 
  3. Europe tried to canceled the payment of their debts to the U.S
  • Hoover did not agree with this 
  • Europe went into economic distress again 
  1. Fascist began expanding their power in Europe 
  • Nazi regime the biggest one (Germany)
            1. Hitler was gaining popularity 

 

Manchuria 

Pg. (722)

 

  • Big problem in Asia 
  • Japan in a depression 
  • Soviet union gaining power 
  1. Also Chinese nationalist 
  2. Expanded their power into Manchuria Japan
  3. Japan still had economic control 
  4. Military leaders took control foreign China 
  • U.S hoped Japan would get control of Tokyo back 
  1. This did not happen 
  2. Chinese successful in getting full control of Manchuria 
  • U.S refused to help 
  • Japan started to attack China 

 

Failure of America’s Interwar Diplomacy 

Pg. (723)

 

  • America could not stay out of foreign affairs 
  1. Had to decide if they wanted to help other nations 
  2. Or turn to nationalism 

 

Depression Diplomacy 

 

  • Roosevelt did not agree with Hoover on foreign affairs 
  • Hoover believed in keeping gold backed money 
  • Roosevelt dropped the gold in order to trade with other nations 
  • Also stopped looking for war reparations 
  • Made a bill that said U.S could not pay loans to other nations
  • Ended the circular system 

 

FDR’s “Bombshell”

Pg. (724)

 

  • Rejected gold and silver as a way to stabilize economy 
  • Took long to pass
  • Finally worked 

 

 

 

Reciprocal Trade Agreement Act 

Pg. (724)

 

  • FDR believed in good world trade 
  • The act created treaties to lower tariffs 
  1. Increased American exports 
  • Imports to U.S still low 
  1. other nations did not get American currency 
  2. Couldn't pay debt back 

 

America and the Soviet Union 

 

  • U.S tried to have a good relationship with Soviet Union
  1. Both nations did not trust each other 
  2. U.S did not see the soviets as a real gov.
  3. Decided to ally w/ them for trade 
  4. Russia wanted to gain power of Japan through the U.S
  5. Russia would protect U.S citizens in their country and the U.S would recognize them 
  • U.S trade didn't stick in Russia 
  • Soviet Union didn't think U.S was helping them with Japan 
  • Wet back to not trusting each other 

 

The Good Neighbor Policy 

 

  • U.S relationship w/ Latin America was better
  • “Good Neighbor Policy”
  1. Exports and Imports in Latin American increased 

 

Inter-American Conference 

Pg. (724)

 

  • Signed a document saying no state has the right to interfere with the others GOV.
  • America still helped Latin America 
  1. Used economic influence instead of military 

 

The Rise of Isolationist 

 

  • FDR gave up on trying to be nice to other countries 
  • Tried to make many compromises that didn't work 

 

Sources of Isolation 

Pg. (725)

 

  • Many American supported isolation because negotiation failed 
  1. Couldn’t stop Japans control of Asia 
  • Believed banks forced them into WWI to protect oversea loans 
  • FDR still wanted world peace 
  1. Asked to be a part of the world court 
  2. Would help their relationships but did not mean they had to intervene 

 

Neutrality Acts

Pg. (725)

 

  • Made to prevent joining war 
  • 1935 
  1. Arms embargo 
  2. in an military problem 
  3. Warned citizens it might be dangerous to travel by ship to other countries 
  • 1936
  1. Renewed the first one 
  • 1937
  1. “Cash and Carry Policy”
  • People could by any good that were not for militaries 
  • had to pay cash 
  • bring it back home themselves 

 

Ethiopia 

Pg. (725)

 

  • When the U.S saw how unstable Europe was, isolation was heightened 
  • Many people did not U.S to Ethiopia
  • Also did not want to interfere in Spanish civil war

 

“Quarantine Speech”

Pg. (727)

 

  • FDR did not believe Japan couldn't be punished for their aggression towards China
  • The speech spoke about how Japan was bad for world peace 
  1. Wanted to “quarantine” himself from Japan 
  2. Many did not know what this meant 
  3. Maybe just cut of relationship w/ their GOV.

 

The Failure of Munich 

 

  • Hitler successfully violated the WWI treaty
  1. moved his army into Rhineland 
  2. Took away French control 
  • Also invaded Austria 
  1. Wanted the countries surrounding it too 
  2. Western nations wanted to keep Hitler happy to prevent war 

 

Munich Conference 

Pg. (727)

 

  • Hitler, France and GB tired to work differences out 
  • GB and France agreed to give him part of the Czechoslovakia 
  • Hitler  would agree not to expand more 

Failure of “Appeasement” 

Pg. (727)

 

  • Compromises made at the Munich conference were know as appeasement 
  • Hitler continued to expand into  Czechoslovakia 
  1. Planned to invade Poland 
  2. GB and France told Poland they would help them if he did 
  3. Soviet signed a nonaggression agreement w/ Hitler 

 

Neutrality Tested 

 

  • U.S was clearly against Hitler but did not want to help fight him 
  • Agreed to help arm GB and France
  1. Arms embargo would be lifted

 

Cash-and-Carry 

Pg. (730)

 

  • People could now buy arms on the cash and carry system
  • Russia expanded their powers
  1. U.S citizens mad 
  2. GOV. still did not want to help 
  3. Agreed to stop giving Russia arms 

 

Fall of France 

Pg. (730)

 

  • Hitler gained control of France too 
  • His troops walked into Paris 
  • Roosevelt  begun to aid the allies more 
  1. Sent lists of what they needed 

 

Shifting Public Opinion 

Pg. (730)

 

  • U.S citizens started to believe Hitler would be a threat to them 
  • FDR heard their complaints 
  1. increased aid again 
  2. looked to prepare their own army 

 

America First Committee 

Pg. (731)

 

  • Debate between interventionist and isolationist 

 

The Third-Term Campaign

 

  • People didn't know if FDR would run for a 3rd time 
  • Everyone liked FDR so they could not find a new democrat candidate 

Wendell Wilke 

Pg. (732)

 

  • Looked for someone who would appeal to the public 
  1. did not have a political background
  • Republicans believed in staying out of war 
  • In the end FDR won again 

 

Neutrality Abandoned 

 

  • FDR continued to aid allies 
  • Britain could not pay for the arms 

 

Lend-lease 

Pg. (732)

  • U.S could lend or lease arms to GB 
  1. when war was over they had to give them back or repay them 
  • Had trouble shipping the arms to Britain 

 

Germany Invades USSR

Pg. (732)

 

  • Germany invaded Russia 
  1. Went against non aggression pact
  • Roosevelt agreed to now help Russia in sending them arms 
  • Nazis started to attack the ships carrying the arms 

 

Atlantic Charter 

Pg. (733)

 

  • Tried to build stronger relationships with GB and U.S 
  • Roosevelt still did not want to join the war 
  • “Atlantic Charter”
  1. a document between GB and U.S 
  2. set common war principles 
  3. how to get rid of nazis 

 

The Road to Peal Harbor 

 

Triparte Pact

Pg. (732)

 

  • Japan continued to expand over the Pacific 
  • Allied with Germany and Italy 
  • Put Japan and U.S on opposite sides 
  • Roosevelt halted all of the Japanese citizens bank accounts 
  • placed a trade embargo on everything 
  • Anti-Japanese sentiments rose 

 

Tokyo’s Decision for War

Pg. (733)

 

  • U.S predicted that Japan would soon launch and attack on them 
  • Uncoded some messages after not reaching compromises 

 

Pearl Harbor 

Pg. (733)

 

  • Japan attacked a U.S naval based at pearl Harbor in Hawaii 
  • The base was not prepared for the attack 
  • ships and other resources were destroyed 
  • No longer had defense in the pacific stage 
  • U.S entered the war 

 

 

Crash Course #36

 

WWI

 

  • Continuation of the New deal 
  • Federal Gov. stronger 
  1. New deal on “steroids”
  2. able to control all industries
  • Unemployment dropped 
  • People started to work towards the war 
  • Federal spending at an all time high 
  1. Spending for war 
  2. took taxes off paychecks 
  • Organized unions
  1. new deal successful 
  2. People joined unions
  3. More women in labor because men were at war
  • Four Freedoms 
  1. Speech 
  2. Want 
  3. Feel 
  4. Worship 
  • Expanded government power 
  1. helped everyone 
  2. did not pass 
  • GI bill of rights passed instead 
  1. Prevent veteran unemployment and help w/ education and housing
  • Free enterprise 
  1. Ads turned war into consumption tactic 
  • Bracero program 
  1. Mexicans immigrated to the U.S 
  • Executive order 8802 
  1. Banned discrimination in office place 
  2. Created FEPC
  3. Helped blacks get jobs 
  • UN 
  1. ensure nationwide peace 
  • Post WWII
  1. Opened freedom for everyone 
  2. “American Creed” > freedom and equality for all

 

Crash course #37

 

Cold War

 

  • U.S and USSR never engaged in war 
  1. ideas of war 
  2. new weapons 
  • U.S stronger than Russia 
  1. Russia scared of Germany 
  2. Wanted to protect themselves > U.S did not like them having new weapons
  • Containment 
  1. Did not want communism to spread 
  2. Truman Doctrine 
  • Protect people against communism 
  • Sent money to Greece and Turkey
  • U.S helped japan against communism 
  • Berlin airlift 
  1. U.S sent aid to Berlin
  • Cold War 
  1. Built up military 
  2. Supported by democrats and Republicans 
  • “Red Scare”
  1. Dennis Vs. Supreme Court 
  • Being a communist leader is a crime 
  • Government seen as protection for people